Kalyoncu (pronounced Kull - Yon - Joo), the Marine soldiers of the Ottoman Empire, were called as Levend until the 17th century. The marine soldiers who assigned for the galleons began to be used in the period of Sultan ii.Beyazit were called as Kalyoncu. The Kalyoncu class was established in 1682 and employed until the era of steamed ships. Kalyoncu soldiers who were pirates before, were employed in the at state services in the period of Barbaros. Kalyoncu soldiers were the mercenary soldiers who were collected from the Western Anatolia shores, islands, Dardanelle, and shore areas extending from istanbul to Edirne and set free after the military expedition. They were residing in the caravansaries in istanbul during the peace times. Algerian Hasan Pasha ordered for the construction of Kalyoncu barracks in Kasimpasa in order to control the Kalyoncu soldiers residing in istanbul. This barracks is still used as the barracks of marine soldiers.
Kalyoncu was the name given to the Ottoman navy soldiers who were employed in kalyons, the major warships of the Ottoman fleet introduced first time by the sultan Bayezid ii. The name kalyoncu came in use in the 17th century as these soldiers were previously called as levend. The kalyoncu division of the Ottoman navy was created in 1682 and remained functional until the introduction of the steamships in to the Ottoman navy. Kalyoncus were first time recruited by the famous Ottoman chief admiral. Hayreddin Barbarossa, from among the pirates of the time. Kalyoncus were paid soldiers who were called to duty from along the coasts of the Western Anatolia, the Aegean islands, Gallipoli, istanbul and Edirne during a campaign and then released at the end.
istanbul's guesthouses during peace times, Cezayirli Hasan Pasha. a well - known admiral who began his career as kalyoncu and then promoted to the level of Kaptan - i Derya, the highest rank of the Otloman Navy, built navy barracks in Kasimpasa, which are still used by the Turkish Navy today. He was renown by his huge body size and courage. He had a lion accompanying him all the time, which he adopted when it was a new - born baby. in front of his navy barracks in istanbul, still named after him today, there is a statue of Cezayirli Hasan Pasha again accompanied with his lion.
Hayreddin Barbarossa, known as Barbaros Hayrettin Pasha in Turkish, is the greatest figure in the Turkish navy history, who was a pirate before his entrance to the Ottoman service. it is an old tradition that, before setting out a sea campaign, the Ottoman fleet comes together in Bosphorus in front of Hayreddin's tomb in Besiktas in istanbul and salutes him by canon fires.